Structural members are the fundamental load-bearing components of a structure, and each has its unique set of structural qualities that must be taken into account. Members of this group include: Beams are horizontal elements that transfer loads to supporting structures. They can be made of wood, metal, or concrete, but not from plastic or foam. Beams have two broad types: Top-and bottom-loaded. In top-loaded beams, the top surface bears all the weight while the bottom surface allows any downward force to be transferred through it to the foundation or other lower supports. Bottom-loaded beams work exactly opposite: The bottom surface carries all the weight while the top surface allows any upward force to be transferred through it to a higher support. Frames are vertical elements that connect beams to walls or other frames. Frames have three main types: Joists and decking are used to span large distances within a building and are usually only loaded in tension. Straights are shorter than joists and often serve as ceilings or roofs overpasses where they may carry compressive forces as well as tension. Braces are used to connect beams at right angles and are usually only loaded in compression.
The primary function of structural members is to provide support for the objects placed upon them.
Columns, girders, beams, floor decking, and roof decking are the primary structural components. Structural components include walls. They are occasionally structural load-bearing, although most of the time the principles of columns apply to walls in the same way that the laws of girders and beams apply to floors and roofs. Walls can be either hollow or solid.
Decks are horizontal supporting surfaces built over a frame of posts or pillars. The term "decking" refers to the material used to make the surface; wood is the most common type. Decks can be made out of any number of materials including metal, plastic, and composite fiber. They can be flat or angled, depending on how they are being used. Flat decks are useful for covering large areas or when building codes require open space for fire safety. Angled decks are better suited for small spaces such as by a door or window because they provide more area for people to stand while still allowing traffic to pass.
Walls are vertical structures composed of framing elements covered with panels. The basic framing element for walls is the stud, which is a wooden beam positioned within the wall cavity and held in place by screws or nails. The location of the studs depends on what kind of wall you are making. For drywall, the studs must be completely hidden, so they usually aren't visible.
Lines, surfaces, and volumes may all be structural aspects... a structural component
Structural systems in building construction relate to the specific way of assembling and constructing structural parts of a structure such that they safely sustain and transfer applied loads to the ground without exceeding the permissible stresses in the members. The three most common structural systems are frame, shell, and concrete structures.
Frame structures consist of members called frames or beams on which walls and floors are mounted. The frame is the underlying support structure for a house. It can be wood or steel, but it must be strong enough to carry its intended load. The size and type of frame used will determine what kind of house can be built. For example, if flat metal strips are used instead of wooden beams, a frame house can be built. But this would not be considered traditional frame construction because of the use of metal strips.
In shell structures, the main supporting element is a wall with an inwardly projecting edge called the header. The shell is then covered with material such as siding or plasterboard to create the exterior and interior surfaces of the house. The header protects the inside of the wall from damage due to large loads being applied to the outside surface of the wall. Loads larger than what the wall can bear are transferred through the header into the next course of bricks or other materials used for the foundation. Shell houses usually have lower costs than frame houses because there is no need for heavy timber as in frame houses.
The term "structural" refers to something that is ordered in a precise manner or that is strong enough to be used in building. A Lego construction set is an example of a structural toy. Structure having, being linked with, or being defined by structure.
In architecture and engineering, structure describes the method by which parts of a building are assembled and connected together to form the whole. In this sense, "the structure of a house" means the way in which its various components are put together to make a coherent whole. The structure of a house may also describe the way in which the different components of the house interact with each other, for example the way in which the walls of a room affect the flow of air through it.
A house can have a simple structure without any rooms or partitions inside it, as long as there are no holes in the floor or roof. But if there are doors, windows, and other openings, then the structure needs to include these elements to be considered complete. For example, a house could have several floors supported by pillars at each corner of the building, but if there were no door or window on the lower floor, it would not be possible to enter or leave this floor from outside the house.
In mathematics, physics, and chemistry, structure refers to the internal framework or anatomy of a material object.
Structural construction components are the pieces that make up your home's basic structure. These include the roof trusses, joists, I-beams, and flooring, and can be built of wood or steel. The structural components are critical to the stability and integrity of your home. If any of these components are not done properly, then you may be putting yourself and your family at risk of injury or death.
The structural components of a house are its frame or skeleton. This includes the roof trusses, walls, and floors. They provide support for the other parts of the house and prevent it from collapsing. A house's frame is made up of members called "joists" which are either 2x4s or 2x6s driven into the ground with their ends abutting each other. The spaces between the joints of the members are filled with concrete or insulation.
The frame is now ready to be covered with siding or sheathing on the exterior and sheetrock or plasterboard on the interior. Both siding and sheathing are layers used to cover the frame. The purpose of the siding/sheeting is to keep out moisture and some types of damage if someone throws a rock at the house. It also helps the house look better by giving it a finished appearance.
Inside the house, the structural components consist of the flooring and the ceiling.