A mace is a blunt weapon, a sort of club or virge that delivers forceful hits with a hefty head on the end of a handle. A mace is normally constructed out of a robust, heavy wooden or metal shaft, frequently strengthened with metal, and a stone, bone, copper, bronze, iron, or steel head. Modern maces may be made of plastic or rubber. In ancient times, maces were often made of silver or gold.
Modern maces are most commonly used as weapons for defense against attackers wielding swords or other melee weapons. They can also be used as weapons from a distance by an attacker who is skilled at throwing them. Modern maces are usually held with both hands over the top in a position where the head wraps around behind the user's back. When the opponent reaches behind their back, the handler will strike down with the head of the mace.
There are several varieties of maces available today. The most common ones used by civilians for self-defense are called nightsticks. These are generally between 30 and 50 centimeters (12 and 20 inches) in length with a weight of about 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). There are also larger versions called "bullwhips" which can reach 70 centimeters (28 inches) in length. Bullwhips are used by police officers for taking down dangerous suspects or animals.
Maces have been used in warfare for thousands of years.
In modern times, the head is usually hardened by heat treatment or by being covered in hard materials such as leather, rubber, or plastic.
The word "mace" comes from the Old English maca, which means "hammer." The first maces were probably used as weapons by early warriors to defeat their opponents in battle. They were later used for disciplinary actions within the court system. Today, maces are used in police forces around the world to maintain order at demonstrations and riots.
In medieval times, maces were often decorated with silver or gold leaf. Modern maces tend to be more functional than decorative. They are used today for ceremonial purposes, for example by judges at trials to signal that a sentence has been handed down.
Maces can cause serious injuries if used without caution. When struck against bone, for example, they can break off and hit someone on the side of the head or face. Because of this reason, it is recommended that you do not strike objects with a mace.
A military mace's head can be fashioned with flanges or knobs to allow for improved penetration of plate armour. The length of a mace can vary greatly. Some are just over a foot (30 cm) long while others reach nearly three feet (90 cm). Maces are used in close-quarter fighting as well as at range. They can also be used for knocking people out by smashing their skull against a hard surface.
The earliest reference to the use of a mace in war dates back to 730 B.C. when Assyrian soldiers carried them into battle.
In Europe, maces were commonly used by British infantry in the 17th century. They were designed for close-quarter combat with your opponent stuck inside of your shield wall.
Today, maces are used primarily for ceremonial purposes or by medieval re-enactors. However, they do have some historical uses in warfare including using them to kill enemy troops at a distance with a clubbing action similar to that of a rifle shot or throwing them at point-blank range at an opponent's face or body parts such as the head or hands.
Maces are a useful weapon to have in any warrior's arsenal because of its ability to take out an opponent from a distance as well as being effective up close.