It was a light weapon, weighing between 450 and 900 grams, or 1-2 pounds. It was usually worn on a baldric beneath the left arm.
The spatha was the main battle sword of the classical Greek warrior. It had a sharp, single-edged blade that was about 30 inches (76 cm) long and 2-3 inches (5-8 cm) wide. The spatha was designed as a cutting weapon for slashing at armor and limbs while keeping its wielder safe from attack. It could be used for thrusting if necessary.
There are several varieties of swords used in ancient warfare. Some were designed for combat with multiple opponents, while others were used for single strikes or hacking at close range. The spatha was one of the shorter swords, but it was still able to cut down an opponent with one stroke.
The spatha was made out of steel and was very durable. It was also easy to maintain since you did not have to file away all the metal to keep it sharp.
Swords like these would be used in addition to other weapons such as spears, arrows, etc. In some cases they were the only form of defense against an enemy who was armed only with a stick or stone.
The sword would need to be 0.5 kilogram/(7850kg/m 3)/11.2510-5 m 2 or 55,6 cm long for a weight of 0.5 kg. We omitted distal taper (thickness decreases towards the tip), thus this is still a very cautious calculation. The actual length of many common swords is about 1 meter, especially since they are often curved.
The mass of a sword is usually between 10 and 20 kilograms. At the other end of the scale you have ceremonial blades which can weigh up to 56 kilograms! A sword that size would be quite difficult to control and handle.
The minimum mass of a functional sword is around 1 kilogram. Below this amount, it won't cut properly. However, a sword this light is extremely dangerous because its lack of mass will make it easy to hurt yourself with it.
The maximum mass of a functional sword is not clear but probably around 100 kilograms. Above this limit, it would become too heavy and difficult to manage.
The average mass of a functional sword is about 10 kilograms. This size is appropriate for a medium-sized sword which is neither too heavy nor too light. It's also about the maximum length people can wield effectively.
Indeed, most examples, ranging from arming swords to two-handers to rapiers, weigh far less than three pounds. Ewart Oakeshott, the late. Despite popular belief, medieval swords were light and manageable, weighing less than four pounds on average. Some larger swords did exist, but they are rare.
The weight of a sword is important because it affects how well you can fight with it. If you wear armor that adds weight to your frame, a heavier sword will be better for fighting in close quarters where one blade hit can lead to a victory or defeat. A lighter sword is easier to maneuver and gives you an advantage in open battles where blades have distance between them. You should also consider the weight of the sword when choosing your stance; if you plan to fight in close-quarter battle, such as a duel, then a heavier weapon is preferable so that you don't have to move around too much.
Overall, a sword that weighs under 3 pounds is appropriate for training or recreational use. Anything more than this and you should look at other weapons available on the market.
Most swords weigh between 1.6 and 2.5 pounds, with two-handed swords being the heaviest. Some very old swords were made out of steel that was extremely hard, so they can weigh up to 3 or 4 pounds.
The heft of your sword will tell you how much force it can stop. Heavier swords are harder to swing and cut down enemies with. Too heavy a sword will be difficult to control and hold back.
The weight of your sword should be enough to keep its edge sharp and able to slice through armor and flesh. If it isn't, then you need a heavier sword.
Generally speaking, if you are able to swing a sword around using only your arm, then it is not heavy enough.
The more armor a sword has, the heavier it will be. For example, a knight's sword would be about 1.5 pounds, while a samurai's sword could be as heavy as 2.5 pounds.
Some swords have weights added to them for combat purposes. These usually include a small ball at one end of the blade that can be used against opponents who try to disarm you by knocking your sword away from you.
I was so fed up with the "medieval swords weighed between 20 and 30 pounds" rubbish that I decided to perform some math. Steel has a specific weight of 7850 kilograms per cubic meter. For the time being, let us assume an Oakeshott type XI sword. It is 88 inches long, has a blade thickness of 1/8 inch and is worth $10,000. We will make some other assumptions too: the sword is worn on its side, it is not particularly well-made, etc.
Our problem now is simple: we need to determine how much steel is in the sword. There are several ways to do this. The simplest is to count all the parts of the sword and multiply their mass by the density of steel. For example, there are about 100 layers of metal in an Oakeshott sword. Each layer weighs about 2.5 grams and you can estimate the total weight of the sword to be about 50 grams. The actual weight may be a little less than this because some parts of the sword are hollow (such as the handle) but this doesn't affect our calculation significantly.
Now, what is the mass of one layer of steel? According to some sources, the average mass of a layer of steel is about 0.025 kg. This means that the total mass of the sword is 50 x 0.025 = 1 kilogram.
A typical medieval sword weighed just 1-1.5 kilos (2.5-3.5 lbs). The heaviest swords recorded in European history were built in Spain and weigh up to 2 kilograms (4.5 lbs).
The average male body weight during this time period was around 50 kg (110 lbs), so a sword would not be too heavy for him to lift.
Swords were made out of steel. Early swords were made out of iron but eventually all swords were made out of steel because it is much harder and more durable. It is estimated that you need about 500 metal ore sacks to make one sword from iron and only 20 ore sacks to make one sword from steel. Thus, swords were expensive back then!
There are two ways to measure the weight of a sword: metric and imperial. In metric systems, a kilo is equal to 1000 grams and a pound is equal to 453.6 grams. So a sword would be 0.5 kilo (1 lb) or 220 grams. To convert imperial weights to metric, multiply by 450 and then divide by 100 to get the equivalent metric weight.
According to top sword expert Ewart Oakeshott, "Medieval Swords are neither unwieldily heavy nor uniform—the average weight of any one of typical size is between 2.5 lb. and 3.5 lb." He adds that while some swords were much heavier than this, most people did not carry weapons this heavy around all the time.
Here is how heavy some famous swords are: The Sword in the Stone was a powerful battle-sword used by King Arthur after it was found near his castle. It had been given to him by a mysterious knight called Sir Ector. The sword was so powerful that it cut through the stone at Arthur's throne/altar room wall when he need relief from his jealous brothers. It has been estimated that the sword could have weighed up to 14 pounds or 6.3 kg.
The Sword in the Ice was the heaviest sword ever made until now. It was created about 300 years before King Arthur lived and was used by a Viking warrior named Hrolf Kraki. This sword was almost 20 pounds or 9 kg! It was so heavy that it had to be pulled by horses to lift it into the air.
Other famous swords include Balderic, which was used by Thorbardin guards during their revolt against the dwarves who made them work under evil masters. This sword was said to be able to split rocks with its blows.