Except as otherwise indicated herein, no live or dead fin fish may be used or possessed as bait in the Sierra and North Coast Districts. (a) Only golden shiners, red shiners, fathead minnows, mosquitofish, and threadfin shad may be used or possessed as bait in Shasta Lake. (b) Only golden shiners, white bass, black bass, and bluegill may be used or possessed as bait in Clear Creek Reservoir. (c) Only golden shiners, white bass, black bass, and bluegill may be used or possessed as bait in Tomichi Point Pool.
The use of minnows as bait is common throughout most of California because fishermen prefer the mild taste of these animals to that of salmon and trout. However, some fish are more suitable for bait than others. For example, although they are small, minnows can be used as bait if you don't want to use larger ones that might scare away your prey.
The first thing you need to know about using minnows as bait is that it is illegal in many areas of California. The reason for this prohibition is that many species of minnow are on the decline due to overfishing. If you violate this law, you could be fined up to $10,000 and/or imprisoned for one year.
Bait fish are used in the Sierra and North Coast Districts. The only exceptions are that you can possess live rock bass for recreational fishing purposes and you can use minnows, leeches, and other bait fish.
California law prohibits the possession of live baitfish as a food product under California Health & Safety Code Section 5605. This prohibition applies to both federal and state waters. For federal waters, see Catch-and-Release Regulations section 679.4 (a) 14 CFR § 679.4 (a). For state waters, see Bait Fish Policy section 7077 (b) Water Code § 13301 (b).
The purpose of this provision is to prevent the spread of disease through the consumption of raw or undercooked fish. However, while attempting to comply with this regulation, some anglers have been cited for violating this rule by possessing live baitfish as a food product. Persons caught doing so could be issued a citation for violating California Health & Safety Code Section 5607 (the state fish disease statute).
All major trout habitats restrict the use of minnows as bait. Except for longjaw mudsuckers, staghorn sculpins, and yellowfin gobies, which may be taken from the wild under a commercial fishing license, live fin fish for sale as bait must be purchased from registered aquaculturists.
The use of imitation baits is restricted by most federal and state agencies responsible for protecting aquatic ecosystems. Imitation baits include: plastic worms, insect larvae, and other arthropods that resemble their natural counterparts; rattails, which are small freshwater fish with large dorsal fins that can grow to about one inch; and balloons, which are inflated animals (usually jellyfish) used as bait. The use of real insects as bait is prohibited by law in many states because they carry harmful diseases that don't affect humans. The same goes for using earthworms, leeches, or other organisms that people usually associate with soil.
In California, the use of imitation baits is allowed if they are made from plastics that break down quickly in water. However, it's recommended that you avoid using rattails, balloons, and other living baits as alternatives because they can reproduce rapidly in an environment lacking in predators. It's also important to note that taking fish from their habitat is illegal without a permit, so if you choose to use bait that involves catching fish then you should work with a reputable charter company that uses area-specific techniques.
Fish captured may only be used as bait in hook-and-line fishing. Unless a commercial license has been secured, the use of seines, traps, cast nets, and gill nets is only permissible in this situation. Fish taken with trotlines or other gear not attached to your body can be used as bait.
In New York, the possession of live bait is illegal except under specific circumstances. For example, fish can be possessed without penalty if they are being held for personal use or sale. Otherwise, they must be treated as contraband and seized by law enforcement officials. The only exception is that fishermen are permitted to possess live bait while engaged in catch-and-release fishing activities.
The best times to go fishing for bluegill in New York are during the spring and fall seasons. The chance of finding fish is greatest then, because that's when most people start fishing for them. You have better luck finding fish when it's warm out because they're more active then; when it's cold, they tend to stay inside where it's warmer. Also, since it's fall and winter, there's less danger of getting caught without a permit.
(6) It is illegal to possess or use live aquatic creatures as bait in fresh water, save in the following circumstances: (a) live aquatic animals (other than fish) obtained from the water being fished may be possessed or used as bait. Fish taken from the wild cannot be kept as pets and therefore cannot be used as bait; (b) if it is necessary to use live bait to catch a particular species of fish, then that species only can be kept. All other fish must be released unharmed.
In addition to being illegal to use as bait, it is also an offense to sell, purchase, or trade in live bait. Selling or offering to sell live bait can result in up to a $10,000 fine for a first offense and up to $20,000 for a second offense. Purchasing or accepting free bait is not prohibited but may subject you to additional penalties. For example, if law enforcement officers suspect that you are purchasing live bait to use as bait yourself, they may arrest both you and any company you do business with. Bait can be very expensive, so don't risk prosecution by buying illicit products.
When fishing for king mackerel, live bait fish perform incredibly well. The best live bait fish include blue runners, sardines, herring, cigar minnows, and mullet. These bait fish are notoriously tough to keep alive. As a result, most fishermen capture their bait fish in the morning using either a cast net or a Sibiki rig.
The next step is to choose your location when fishing for king mackerel. You will want to look for currents where there are rocks or reefs that provide shelter for fish. Fishermen often use sound equipment to find these current lines. Finally, pick a time of day when the fish are likely to be feeding up close to the surface. This will give you the best chance of success.
Fishing for king mackerel can be very rewarding if you know what you're doing. It's important to learn about the habits of this species of fish so you can select an effective bait and location. Also make sure to get help from someone who knows more about fishing for king mackerel than you do if you want to succeed!
Sturgeon may be easily targeted from the beach with lures, live or dead baits. Salmon eggs, freshwater clams, corpses, crawfish (freshwater crayfish), and other smaller fish found in the same area are the best bait to utilize. Sturgeon can also be caught with large hooks and heavy line if they catch something tasty.
The more expensive your bait, the better it will be for fishing for sturgeon. They like fresh food that has not been frozen before putting in the water.
During spawning season, sturgeon will take almost anything you put in the water if it looks edible. Their main goal is to find a place to nestle down for a few months so they can reproduce. If you give them something delicious while they're looking for a spot to hide, then good luck!
Freshwater sturgeon are usually caught by fishermen who live in the region where they are found. Oceanic sturgeon tend to be caught farther away from their home waters, so commercial fisherman come into play here.
Oceanic sturgeon can grow to 60 feet long and weigh over 500 pounds. They can stay out of water for hours at a time waiting for food, so be careful not to scare them off when trying to catch one!